AskDefine | Define lexicography

Dictionary Definition

lexicography n : the act of writing dictionaries

User Contributed Dictionary

English

Noun

  1. The art or craft of compiling, writing and editing dictionaries.
  2. The scholarly discipline of analyzing and describing the semantic, syntagmatic and paradigmatic relationships within the lexicon (vocabulary) of a language and developing theories of dictionary components and structures linking the data in dictionaries.

Translations

art or craft of writing dictionaries

Extensive Definition

''For the term in mathematics, see Lexicographical order
The pursuit of lexicography is divided into two related disciplines:
  • Practical lexicography is the art or craft of compiling, writing and editing dictionaries.
  • Theoretical lexicography is the scholarly discipline of analyzing and describing the semantic, syntagmatic and paradigmatic relationships within the lexicon (vocabulary) of a language, developing theories of dictionary components and structures linking the data in dictionaries, the needs for information by users in specific types of situation, and how users may best access the data incorporated in printed and electronic dictionaries. This is sometimes referred to as metalexicography.
A person devoted to lexicography is called a lexicographer.
General lexicography focuses on the design, compilation, use and evaluation of general dictionaries, i.e. dictionaries that provide a description of the language in general use. Such a dictionary is usually called a general dictionary or LGP dictionary. Specialized lexicography focuses on the design, compilation, use and evaluation of specialized dictionaries, i.e. dictionaries that are devoted to a (relatively restricted) set of linguistic and factual elements of one or more specialist subject fields, e.g. legal lexicography. Such a dictionary is usually called a specialized dictionary or LSP dictionary.
There is some disagreement on the definition of lexicology, as distinct from lexicography. Some use "lexicology" as a synonym for theoretical lexicography; others use it to mean a branch of linguistics pertaining to the inventory of words in a particular language.
It is now widely accepted that lexicography is a scholarly discipline in its own right and not a sub-branch of linguistics, as the object of study in lexicography is the dictionary.

Aspects

Practical lexicographic work involves several activities, and it is important to note that the compilation of really crafted dictionaries require careful consideration of all or some of the following aspects:
  • Profiling the intended users (i.e. linguistic and non-linguistic competences) and identifying their needs
  • Defining the communicative and cognitive functions of the dictionary
  • Selecting and organizing the components of the dictionary
  • Choosing the appropriate structures for presenting the data in the dictionary (i.e. frame structure, distribution structure, macro-structure, micro-structure and cross-reference structure)
  • Selecting words and affixes for lemmatization as entries
  • Selecting collocations, phrases and examples
  • Choosing lemma forms for each word or part of word to be lemmatized
  • Defining words
  • Organizing definitions
  • Specifying pronunciations of words
  • Labeling definitions and pronunciations for register and dialect, where appropriate
  • Selecting equivalents in bi- and polylingual dictionaries
  • Translating collocations, phrases and examples in bi- and polylingual dictionaries
Theoretical lexicography concerns the same aspects, but lead to the development of principles that can improve the quality of future dictionaries, for instance in terms of access to data and lexicographical information costs.

Recommended reading

Introductory books on lexicography:
  • Landau, Sidney, Dictionaries: The Art and Craft of Lexicography, 2nd ed., 2001
  • Bergenholtz, Henning/Tarp, Sven (eds.): Manual of Specialised Lexicography, 1995
  • Bejoint, Henri, Modern Lexicography: An Introduction, 2000
  • Hartmann, R. R. K., Teaching and Researching Lexicography, 2001
  • Hartmann, R. R. K./James, Gregory (comps.): Dictionary of Lexicography, 1998/2001
  • Nielsen, Sandro: The Bilingual LSP Dictionary, 1994
  • Ooi, Vincent, Computer Corpus Lexicography, 1998 http://www.fas.nus.edu.sg/ell/Vincent/
  • Jonathon Green, "Chasing the Sun - Dictionary-Makers and the Dictionaries They Made," Pimlico, ISBN 0-7126-6216-2

See also

lexicography in Bulgarian: Лексикография
lexicography in Catalan: Lexicografia
lexicography in Chuvash: Лексикографи
lexicography in Czech: Lexikografie
lexicography in Danish: Leksikografi
lexicography in German: Lexikografie
lexicography in Spanish: Lexicografía
lexicography in Esperanto: Leksikografio
lexicography in Basque: Hiztegigintza
lexicography in French: Lexicographie
lexicography in Galician: Lexicografía
lexicography in Italian: Lessicografia
lexicography in Lithuanian: Leksikografija
lexicography in Dutch: Lexicografie
lexicography in Norwegian: Leksikografi
lexicography in Norwegian Nynorsk: Leksikografi
lexicography in Occitan (post 1500): lexicografia
lexicography in Polish: Leksykografia
lexicography in Portuguese: Lexicografia
lexicography in Russian: Лексикография
lexicography in Slovak: Lexikografia
lexicography in Albanian: Leksikografia
lexicography in Swedish: Lexikografi
lexicography in Tamil: அகராதிக் கலை
lexicography in Ukrainian: Лексикографія
lexicography in Chinese: 辭書學

Synonyms, Antonyms and Related Words

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